Episode 14: The Raid
January 12, 2020
Bonus: The Neighbor
March 3, 2020
SEASON 03 // EPISODE 15
THE SWITCH

Flint Water Crisis / D.C. Lead Contamination

A cost-cutting decision to switch municipal water sources leads to a public health crisis in Flint, Michigan.

Prelude: The discovery and response to the lead contamination of Washington, D.C. drinking water.


LISTEN NOW:

OTHER WAYS TO LISTEN:

MUSIC

Performed by Trevor Howard (The Lungs )


SOURCES

  1. https://www.abc12.com/content/news/Karegnondi-Water-Authority-pipeline-completed-water-to-flow-this-weekend-459106093.html
  2. https://apnews.com/1176657a4b0d468c8f35ddbb07f12bec
  3. https://www.cityofflint.com/wp-content/uploads/TTHM-Notification-Final.pdf
  4. https://www.cnn.com/2016/03/04/us/flint-water-crisis-fast-facts/index.html
  5. https://www.cnn.com/2016/12/20/health/flint-water-crisis-four-more-charged/index.html
  6. https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/2696071-Snyder-Emails.html
  7. https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016-01/documents/1_21_sdwa_1431_emergency_admin_order_012116.pdf
  8. http://flintwaterstudy.org/2015/09/pediatric-lead-exposure-presentation-from-hurley-medical-center-doctors-concerning-flint-mi/
  9. http://flintwaterstudy.org/2015/09/public-health-advisory-regarding-lead-in-flint-water-from-the-genesee-county-board-of-commissioners/
  10. http://flintwaterstudy.org/2015/08/hazardous-waste-levels-of-lead-found-in-a-flint-households-water/
  11. http://flintwaterstudy.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Miguels-Memo.pdf
  12. https://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/2015/09/24/water-lead-in-flint/72747696/
  13. https://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/2015/01/22/water-woes-latest-hit-flint/22193291/
  14. https://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/detroit/2015/01/21/flint-water-meeting/22142589/
  15. https://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/detroit/2015/01/20/detroit-water-flint/22048201/
  16. https://www.freep.com/story/news/local/2016/01/09/state-removes-criticized-flint-water-poster/78559088/
  17. https://www.michigan.gov/formergovernors/0,4584,7-212-96477_90815_57657-366315--,00.html
  18. https://www.michigan.gov/formergovernors/0,4584,7-212-96477_90815_57657-372653--,00.html
  19. https://www.michigan.gov/documents/snyder/FWATF_FINAL_REPORT_21March2016_517805_7.pdf
  20. https://www.michiganradio.org/post/expert-says-michigan-officials-changed-flint-lead-report-avoid-federal-action
  21. https://www.michiganradio.org/post/leaked-internal-memo-shows-federal-regulator-s-concerns-about-lead-flint-s-water#stream/0
  22. https://www.michiganradio.org/post/does-flint-have-clean-water-yes-it-s-complicated
  23. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2012/03/genesee_county_starts_on_desig.html
  24. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2014/04/watch_mayor_dayne_walling_em_d.html
  25. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2014/04/closing_the_valve_on_history_f.html
  26. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2015/09/study_shows_twice_as_many_flin.html
  27. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2015/12/mayor_karen_weaver_declares_st.html
  28. https://www.mlive.com/lansing-news/2015/12/deq_spokesman_also_resigns_ove.html
  29. https://www.mlive.com/lansing-news/2015/12/deq_director_dan_wyant_resigns.html
  30. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2015/10/state_deq_flint_should_have_be.html
  31. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2015/12/flint_officials_say_theyre_boo.html
  32. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2014/10/general_motors_wont_use_flint.html
  33. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2016/01/bottled_water_deliveries_kept.html
  34. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2015/11/documents_show_city_filed_fals.html
  35. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2015/03/flint_emergency_manager_calls.html
  36. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2014/04/deq_says_flint_still_needs_to.html
  37. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2014/04/flint_river_water_may_flow_fro.html
  38. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2014/04/questions_abound_on_water_rate.html
  39. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2014/04/treatment_plant_starts_test_ru.html
  40. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2018/01/city_of_the_state_flints_histo.html
  41. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2017/05/former_flint_em_my_job_did_not.html
  42. https://www.mlive.com/opinion/flint/2015/09/abandon_flint_river_for_drinki.html#incart_river_home
  43. https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/2019/01/court-of-appeals-breathes-life-into-lawsuits-against-flint-emergency-managers.html
  44. http://nbc25news.com/news/local/former-mayor-blames-emergency-manager-for-flint-water-crisis
  45. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/04/20/465545378/lead-laced-water-in-flint-a-step-by-step-look-at-the-makings-of-a-crisis
  46. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/01/16/463319454/obama-declares-state-of-emergency-over-flints-contaminated-water
  47. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/03/23/471585633/independent-investigators-state-officials-mostly-to-blame-for-flint-water-crisis
  48. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/04/19/474819462/michigan-gov-rick-snyder-vows-to-drink-flint-water-for-a-month
  49. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/04/12/474008625/flint-water-recovery-lagging-as-residents-dont-let-tainted-water-run
  50. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/04/20/474931189/criminal-charges-to-be-filed-in-flint-water-crisis-reports-say
  51. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/07/29/487934982/they-failed-6-more-michigan-employees-charged-in-flint-water-crisis
  52. https://www.npr.org/2015/09/29/444497051/high-lead-levels-in-michigan-kids-after-city-switches-water-source
  53. https://www.npr.org/2019/04/25/717104335/5-years-after-flints-crisis-began-is-the-water-safe
  54. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/12/20/506314203/2-former-flint-emergency-managers-face-felony-charges-over-water-crisis
  55. https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/08/05/flint-water-crisis-dayne-walling-mayor-state-representative-2018-219078
  56. https://www.thedailybeast.com/exclusive-gov-rick-snyders-men-originally-rejected-using-flints-toxic-river
  57. http://i2.cdn.turner.com/cnn/2016/images/01/10/may.et.al.v.snyder.et.al.-.pacer.1.complaint.for.injunctive.and.declaratory.relief.pdf
  58. http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/apr2004/2004-04-08-10.html
  59. https://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/news/article/13025198/plumbing-the-depths
  60. https://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/news/loose-lips/article/13028572/troubled-water
  61. https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/2004/01/31/water-in-dc-exceeds-epa-lead-limit/1e54ff9b-a393-4f0a-a2dd-7e8ceedd1e91/
  62. https://web.archive.org/web/20110915195413/http://www.prism-magazine.org/nov04/feature_water.cfm
  63. https://web.archive.org/web/20090215101136/http://www.time.com:80/time/2004/innovators/200404/edwards.html
  64. https://web.archive.org/web/20111028013211/http://nieman.harvard.edu/reports/article/101028/Investigating-Washington-DCs-Water-Quality.aspx


A cost-cutting decision to switch municipal water sources leads to a public health crisis in Flint, Michigan. // Prelude: The discovery and response to the lead contamination of Washington, D.C. drinking water.