Episode 09: The Leak
March 31, 2018
Bonus: The Homemaker
April 27, 2018
SEASON 01 // EPISODE 10
THE JUDGES

Kids for Cash / Greg Skrepenak

Two Luzerne County judges, Mark Ciavarella and Michael Conahan, are accused of accepting over $2 million in kickbacks in exchange for imposing harsh sentences on juveniles to increase occupancy at for-profit detention centers.

Prelude: Luzerne County Commissioner Greg Skrepenak is involved in a pay-to-play corruption scandal.


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MUSIC

Performed by Ethan Helfrich (Rest You Sleeping Giant)


SOURCES

  1. https://anthraciteunite.com/2017/02/27/the-culture-of-corruption/
  2. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-10747919
  3. http://citizensvoice.com/timeline-of-corruption-1.1100929
  4. http://citizensvoice.com/mericle-pleads-guilty-in-kids-for-cash-scandal-1.223293
  5. http://citizensvoice.com/news/judge-rules-in-ciavarella-s-favor-in-kids-for-cash-appeal-1.2288319
  6. http://citizensvoice.com/news/ciavarella-s-trial-lawyers-admit-failing-to-address-potential-key-issue-1.2242912
  7. http://citizensvoice.com/news/hearing-scheduled-in-ciavarella-appeal-1.2223652
  8. http://citizensvoice.com/news/attorneys-of-imprisoned-kids-for-cash-judge-admit-failing-to-address-possible-key-issue-1.2242700
  9. http://citizensvoice.com/news/prosecutors-mull-all-options-in-ciavarella-case-1.2288744
  10. http://citizensvoice.com/news/kids-for-cash-teen-puts-life-back-together-1.2156743
  11. http://citizensvoice.com/news/victims-families-ready-for-ciavarella-hearing-1.2238190
  12. http://citizensvoice.com/news/father-of-suicidal-man-in-kids-for-cash-case-i-basically-framed-him-1.1109065
  13. http://citizensvoice.com/news/trial-update-ciavarella-wanted-to-avoid-scrutiny-and-publicity-1.1105217
  14. http://citizensvoice.com/ciavarella-sentenced-to-28-years-in-prison-1.1187339
  15. http://citizensvoice.com/news/fall-of-the-citizens-judge-1.1107679
  16. http://citizensvoice.com/news/powell-says-judges-relentlessly-pursued-him-1.1103478
  17. http://citizensvoice.com/news/feds-set-to-appeal-ciavarella-reversal-1.2311700
  18. http://citizensvoice.com/news/ex-judge-ciavarella-s-wife-files-for-divorce-1.1494568
  19. http://citizensvoice.com/news/ciavarella-s-final-days-of-freedom-1.1187683
  20. http://citizensvoice.com/news/state-agency-drops-challenge-to-ciavarella-pension-1.1155333
  21. http://citizensvoice.com/ciavarella-admits-tax-fraud-conspiracy-1.1105241
  22. http://citizensvoice.com/news/trial-update-powell-s-testimony-to-continue-thursday-1.1102364
  23. http://citizensvoice.com/news/ciavarella-guilty-of-racketeering-1.1107236
  24. http://citizensvoice.com/news/ciavarella-awaits-structured-life-in-illinois-prison-1.1202759
  25. http://citizensvoice.com/news/those-sentenced-by-ciavarella-wait-outside-court-1.1101478
  26. http://citizensvoice.com/mericle-backers-were-guaranteed-contract-to-house-juveniles-in-2001-1.1102385
  27. http://citizensvoice.com/news/trial-update-witness-saw-powell-give-cash-filled-envelopes-to-state-official-1.1104753
  28. http://citizensvoice.com/news/ciavarella-still-waiting-for-verdict-1.1106730
  29. http://citizensvoice.com/news/shakedowns-and-coverups-1.1102691
  30. http://citizensvoice.com/news/pension-forfeitures-by-local-officials-1.1802954
  31. http://citizensvoice.com/news/much-has-changed-in-juvenile-court-since-the-kids-for-cash-scandal-1.1785207
  32. http://citizensvoice.com/news/filing-mericle-s-generosity-exceeded-finder-s-fee-1.1099790
  33. http://citizensvoice.com/news/trial-update-no-verdict-jury-heads-home-for-day-1.1105815
  34. http://citizensvoice.com/news/new-trial-in-ciavarella-s-3-5m-verdict-against-voice-1.393035
  35. http://citizensvoice.com/news/trial-update-mericle-testifies-briefly-1.1101633
  36. http://citizensvoice.com/news/ciavarella-conahan-withdraw-guilty-pleas-1.208291
  37. http://citizensvoice.com/news/infamous-kids-for-cash-condo-sold-for-550k-1.1332672
  38. http://citizensvoice.com/news/kids-for-cash-judge-s-prison-term-stands-1.1495253
  39. http://citizensvoice.com/news/juveniles-families-struggle-to-make-sense-of-scandal-1.818186
  40. http://citizensvoice.com/news/judgment-against-conahan-ciavarella-dismissed-1.1767649
  41. http://citizensvoice.com/news/disgraced-judge-s-daughter-resigns-from-da-s-office-1.188816
  42. http://citizensvoice.com/mericle-pleads-guilty-in-kids-for-cash-scandal-1.223293
  43. http://citizensvoice.com/judge-recommends-3-5-m-defamation-verdict-be-vacated-1.166703
  44. http://citizensvoice.com/news/prosecution-done-defense-takes-over-1.1105029
  45. http://citizensvoice.com/news/ciavarella-timeline-1.1644412
  46. http://citizensvoice.com/news/trial-update-day-4-of-trial-over-moran-to-continue-testimony-friday-1.1102891
  47. http://citizensvoice.com/news/mericle-released-from-federal-prison-1.1873593
  48. http://citizensvoice.com/conahan-ciavarella-plead-not-guilty-to-new-charges-1.256962
  49. http://citizensvoice.com/news/parents-of-jailed-juveniles-call-28-years-full-justice-1.1187656
  50. http://citizensvoice.com/news/luzerne-s-other-disgraced-judge-a-study-in-contrasts-1.1205381
  51. http://citizensvoice.com/inside-the-courtroom-witnesses-and-other-key-players-1.1100928
  52. http://citizensvoice.com/arts-living/new-book-reveals-history-behind-kids-for-cash-scheme-1.1397168
  53. http://citizensvoice.com/news/prosecutors-probe-began-with-mobster-1.1107517
  54. http://citizensvoice.com/boss-conahan-sentenced-to-17-years-1.1207996
  55. http://citizensvoice.com/prosecution-judges-turned-courthouse-into-cash-cow-1.1101701
  56. http://citizensvoice.com/news/mericle-field-irks-kids-for-cash-parents-1.1556017
  57. http://citizensvoice.com/news/defense-ciavarella-never-took-bribe-extorted-powell-1.1102109
  58. http://citizensvoice.com/news/defense-witness-powell-gave-lawmaker-cash-1.1105084
  59. http://citizensvoice.com/news/a-mellow-conahan-during-sentencing-1.1208259
  60. http://citizensvoice.com/news/early-accusations-against-kids-for-cash-judges-ignored-1.593154
  61. https://www.forbes.com/sites/walterpavlo/2011/08/12/pennsylvania-judge-gets-life-sentence-for-prison-kickback-scheme/#5e8432b94aef
  62. http://jlc.org/luzerne-county-kids-cash-scandal
  63. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/pennsylvania-seeks-close-books-kids-cash-scandal-n408666
  64. https://www.npr.org/2014/03/08/287286626/kids-for-cash-captures-a-juvenile-justice-scandal-from-two-sides
  65. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2011/08/11/139536686/pa-judge-sentenced-to-28-years-in-massive-juvenile-justice-bribery-scandal
  66. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/14/us/14judge.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  67. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/21/us/21judge.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  68. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/27/us/27judges.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  69. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/27/us/27judges.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  70. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/28/us/28judges.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  71. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2009/03/28/us/20090328_JUDGES.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  72. https://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/28/us/28juvenile.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  73. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/01/us/01judge.html?ref=markaciavarella
  74. https://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/04/us/04brfs-COURTREVERSA_BRF.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  75. https://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/13/us/13brfs-REPORTONJUDG_BRF.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  76. https://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/14/us/14brfs-BUILDERTOPLE_BRF.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  77. https://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/21/us/21brfs-PARTIALIMMUN_BRF.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  78. https://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/26/us/26brfs-CASESDROPPED_BRF.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  79. https://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/09/us/09judge.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  80. https://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/19/us/19brfs-Judge.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  81. https://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/12/us/12brfs-Ciavarella.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  82. https://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/31/books/review/kids-for-cash-and-the-injustice-system.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FCiavarella%2C%20Mark%20A.
  83. https://www.opposingviews.com/category/robert-mericle-sentenced-prison-role-kids-cash-scandal
  84. http://www.pahomepage.com/news/final-days-of-freedom-the-ciavarella-story/142718453
  85. http://www.pennlive.com/midstate/index.ssf/2011/02/mom_blames_luzerne_county_judg.html
  86. http://thetimes-tribune.com/news/mericle-agrees-to-17m-settlement-1.1246210
  87. http://thetimes-tribune.com/news/powell-pleads-guilty-1.99257#axzz1WKB19CLq
  88. https://web.archive.org/web/20111226053132/http://www.wbcitizensvoice.com/pdfs/ciavarella_sentencing.pdf
  89. https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB123854010220075533


Two Luzerne County judges, Mark Ciavarella and Michael Conahan, are accused of accepting over $2 million in kickbacks in exchange for imposing harsh sentences on juveniles to increase occupancy at for-profit detention centers.